Athenian democracy developed around the fifth century bc in the greek city-state (known as a polis) of athens, comprising the city of athens and the surrounding territory of attica, and is often described as the first known democracy in the world. Athenian government: assembly : all male citizens over 20 years of age enjoyed full and final power council of five hundred : citizens over 30 years of age chosen by lot, fifty from each tribe proposed laws to the assembly. The constitutional arrangement of sparta was complicated: there was the state of the spartans to which only the homoioi belonged and was an indirect democracy, with the two kings whose main purpose was to lead the army, the five ephors, elected by the homoioi which had to be over 60 and did all the decisions, the 30 member senate (which. Sparta had a highly unusual system of government two kings ruled the city, but a 28-member 'council of elders' limited their powers these men were recruited from the highest social class, the. During the 5th century bc, greece was dominated by two main powers: democratic athens and the military oligarchy of sparta these city-states were very different.
History ancient greece the ancient greeks may be most famous for their ideas and philosophies on government and politics it was in greece, and particularly athens, that democracy was first conceived and used as a primary form of government. Sparta, nominally a monarchy, but really a limited democracyathens ranged from monarchy to oligarchy to tyranny to limiteddemocracy to radical democracy, and back again. Sparta and athens shared similarities and differences in their systems of government, militaristic focuses, judgment and views of women in addition to this, the social gatherings of athenians and spartans both had affinities and contrasts.
This is a brief overview of some differences between the city-states of athens and sparta in ancient greece disclaimer: as much as i desire to share as much as i can about the topics in the. Sparta, under cleomenes (c 520-490 bce), overthrew the tyrants of athens but the resulting democracy put a stop to any spartan ambitions in the city sparta was, however, an ally with athens in the defence of greece against the invasion of persian king xerxes , and fought with distinction at thermopylae in 480 bce and at plataea one year later. The government of sparta and that of athens were very different from each other sparta was a warrior city-state and its government was mostly aristocratic and run by two kings while the government of athens was democratic and run by all of its citizens. Differences and similarities of athens and sparta learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free.
Sparta was a warrior society in ancient greece that reached the height of its power after defeating rival city-state athens in the peloponnesian war (431-404. In ancient greece there were two different major forms of government, oligarchy and democracy the two city-states that best represent each form of government were sparta (oligarchy) and athens (democracy. Best answer: sparta vs athens in ancient greece there were two different major forms of government, oligarchy and democracy the two city-states that best represent each. Athens and sparta, both powerful greek city-states, had fought as allies in the greco-persian wars between 499 and 449 bc in the wake of the persian retreat, however, athens grew more powerful.
About both athens and sparta hold historic value for greece and the world athens is the capital and the largest city of greece it is a center for economic, political, financial and culture life in greece. The city-state of athens was the birthplace of many significant ideas ancient athenians were a thoughtful people who enjoyed the systematic study of subjects such as science, philosophy, and history, to name a few. Spartan government sparta was ruled by two kings these kings would lead the army in times of war in addition to the kings, there were five ephors (magistrates) that were elected from aristocratic families.
The likely total of 40,000-50,000 made sparta one of the largest greek cities however, according to thucydides, the population of athens in 431 bc was 360,000-610,000, making it unlikely that athens was smaller than sparta in 5th century bc. Unlike the government of athens the government of sparta flourished as an aristocracy this type of government is when a place is ruled by a small number of people from the upper class there was a council of elders , an assembly , and the five ephors. Both sparta and athens had an assembly government the decisions were more or less made by the people the armies of both city-states fought the persians in war to protect their lands sparta and athens were both very powerful city- states sparta and athens also gave more benefits and rights to. Sparta had what is known as a diarchical monarchy the government's complete makeup consisted of dual kings a council of about 30 gerontes or gerousia, which are rich elders the ephors, a small council of five people and an assembly, called the appella or demos, of the common people who gathered.
Sparta's government was much different than athens, it was an oligarchy an oligarchy meant the ruling power was in the hands of only a few people similar to athens, sparta also had an assembly, but the important desicions were made by a group called the council of elders. Like athens's government, sparta had three branches, but the roles of each branch was very different: the assembly— at the bottom of the government pyramid was the assembly like in athens, the assembly was made up of all free male citizens, but the similarities stopped there.